#Other Income Under Tax Treaties Series On International Taxation PDF

Download full Other Income Under Tax Treaties Series On International Taxation Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Click Get Books and find your favorite books in the online library. Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! We cannot guarantee that book is in the library. READ as many books as you like (Personal use).

Other Income under Tax Treaties

by Alexander Bosman
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release Date: 2015-09-23
Genre: Law
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle

GET EBOOK

Synopsis : Other Income under Tax Treaties written by Alexander Bosman, published by Kluwer Law International B.V. which was released on 2015-09-23. Download Other Income under Tax Treaties Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Bilateral tax treaties are often, to a greater or lesser extent, based on the OECD Model Convention. -- Bilateral tax treaties are often, to a greater or lesser extent, based on the OECD Model Convention. Among the distributive rules with respect to taxation of income which are laid down in Chapter III of that model, Article 21 assigns the tax jurisdiction in respect of "other income" - understood to mean items of income which are not dealt with in other provisions of the tax treaty - to the residence state in accordance with the main rule underlying the OECD Model, thus ensuring that no income falls outside the scope of the treaty. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of Article 21 of the OECD Model. In extensive detail, and with reference to case law from a number of jurisdictions and to statements of various authorities and official documents, the author shows how Article 21 operates in relation to the other distributive rules of the OECD Model and bilateral tax treaties based thereon. The analysis considers such items of income as the following in relation to Article 21: - income from immovable property; - business profits; - profits from shipping, inland waterways transport, and air transport; - dividends, interest, and royalties; - capital gains; and - income from employment. In addition, the author examines the significance of the OECD Commentaries for the interpretation of tax treaties, the "other income" article in other model conventions, and notable deviations from Article 21 among bilateral tax treaties. An appendix offers well-grounded recommendations on how to potentially amend the wording of Article 21 and the related commentary and how the application of the article can be improved. Although underexposed in the tax law literature heretofore, the "other income" article raises important international taxation issues that remain problematic or unresolved. Tax lawyers, government officials, and other interested professionals will find here a penetrating analysis that goes a long way towards clarifying the characterisation of income that resists the standard categories defined in tax treaties.

RELATED BOOKS
Other Income under Tax Treaties
Language: en
Pages: 610
Authors: Alexander Bosman
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-09-23 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

Bilateral tax treaties are often, to a greater or lesser extent, based on the OECD Model Convention. Among the distributive rules with respect to taxation of income which are laid down in Chapter III of that model, Article 21 assigns the tax jurisdiction in respect of "other income" - understood to mean items of income which are not dealt with in other provisions of the tax treaty - to the residence state in accordance with the main rule underlying the OECD Model, thus ensuring that no income falls outside the scope of the treaty. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of Article 21 of the OECD Model. In extensive detail, and with reference to case law from a number of jurisdictions and to statements of various authorities and official documents, the author shows how Article 21 operates in relation to the other distributive rules of the OECD Model and bilateral tax treaties based thereon. The analysis considers such items of income as the following in relation to Article 21: - income from immovable property; - business profits; - profits from shipping, inland waterways transport, and air transport; - dividends, interest, and royalties; - capital gains; and - income from employment. In addition, the author examines the significance of the OECD Commentaries for the interpretation of tax treaties, the "other income" article in other model conventions, and notable deviations from Article 21 among bilateral tax treaties. An appendix offers well-grounded recommendations on how to potentially amend the wording of Article 21 and the related commentary and how the application of the article can be improved. Although underexposed in the tax law literature heretofore, the "other income" article raises important international taxation issues that remain problematic or unresolved. Tax lawyers, government officials, and other interested professionals will find here a penetrating analysis that goes a long way towards clarifying the characterisation of income that resists the standard categories defined in tax treaties.
Beneficial Ownership in International Tax Law
Language: en
Pages: 458
Authors: Angelika Meindl-Ringler
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-06-07 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

In international tax law, the term ‘beneficial ownership’ refers to which parties involved in a cross-border transaction are entitled to tax treaty benefits. However, determining beneficial ownership is a complex and often disputed issue, subject to different meanings in different countries. Archival research on its early use in tax treaties and in the developing OECD Model reveals that its meaning has changed dramatically over the decades, leading to new interpretations significantly affecting current tax practice and scholarship. This book, dedicated to establishing how beneficial ownership should ideally be interpreted, compares the use and interpretation of benefi-cial ownership, both current and historical, in a wide range of national jurisdictions as well as the EU, ultimately shedding a clearer light than has heretofore been available on the meaning of the term. In her very thorough analysis of the application of beneficial ownership, the author touches on such aspects as the following: – historical development of the beneficial ownership requirement as used in tax treaties and in the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital; – rules of double taxation conventions; – application of the OECD’s Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit-Shifting (BEPS); – the problem of so-called ‘white income’; – use of the substance-over-form principle; – attribution-of-income rules; and – the role of agents, nominees, and conduit companies. Specific analysis of the use and interpretation of beneficial ownership in a domestic law and treaty context in numerous jurisdictions – with particular emphasis on the United Kingdom, Australia, the United States, and Germany – is a major feature of the presentation. As a thorough guide to determining whether a person claiming tax treaty benefits is the true owner – and which parties are excluded from treaty benefits and to what extent – this book will be of immeasurable value to lawyers, tax authorities, policymakers, and other professionals working with taxable international transactions of any kind.
International Taxation of Manufacturing and Distribution
Language: en
Pages: 498
Authors: John Abrahamson
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-02-18 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

The most thorough treatment of its subject available, this book introduces and analyses the international tax issues relating to international manufacturing and distribution activities, extending from the tax regime in the country where the manufacturing activities are located, through to regional purchase and sales companies, to the taxation of local country sales companies. The analysis includes the domestic tax laws relating to manufacturing and distribution company profits as well as international tax issues relating to income flows and the payment of dividends. Among the topics and issues analysed in depth are the following: – foreign tax credits; – taxation in the digital economy; – tax incentives; – intellectual property; – group treasury companies; – mergers and acquisitions; – leasing; – derivatives; – controlled foreign corporation provisions; – VAT and customs tariffs; – free trade agreements and customs unions; – transfer pricing; – role of tax treaties; – hedging; – related accounting issues; – deferred tax assets and liabilities; – tax risk management; – supply chain management; – depreciation allowances; and – carry-forward tax losses. The book includes descriptions of 21 country tax systems and ten detailed case studies applying the analysis to specific examples. Detailed up-to-date attention is paid to the OECD Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) and other measures against tax avoidance. As a full-scale commentary and analysis of international taxation issues for multinational manufacturing groups – including in-depth consideration of corporate structures, tax treaties, transfer pricing, and current developments – this book is without peer. It will prove of inestimable value to all accountants, lawyers, economists, financial managers, and government officials working in international trade environments.
The Impact of Tax Treaties and EU Law on Group Taxation Regimes
Language: en
Pages: 650
Authors: Bruno da Silva
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-07-11 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

Should the income of a corporate group be taxed differently solely because the traditional structure of the income tax system considers each company individually? Taxation affects business decisions, including location, the form in which business is carried out, and the efficient allocation of company resources. Disparities – differences arising from the interaction of different tax systems – and obstacles – distortions created by domestic legislation arising from differences between domestic and cross-border situations – both become more acute when a business chooses to set up or acquire other companies, thus forming a group, usually operating in multiple jurisdictions. Responding to such ever more common developments, this book is the first in-depth analysis of how tax treaties and EU law influence group taxation regimes. Among the issues and topics covered are the following: – analysis of the different tax group regimes adopted by different countries; – advantages and disadvantages of a variety of models; – application of the non-discrimination provision of Article 24 of the OECD Model Tax Convention to group taxation regimes; – application of the fundamental freedoms of the TFEU to group taxation regimes following the three-step approach adopted by the EU Court of Justice; – uncertainty raised by the landmark Marks & Spencer case, its interpretation and consequences to other group taxations regimes; – interrelations between tax treaties and EU Law in the context of tax groups; and – per-element approach. The analysis considers concrete examples as well as relevant case law. With its analysis of the standards required by the two sets of norms (tax treaties and EU law) and their interaction, particularly in terms of non-discrimination, this book sheds clear light on ways to overcome the disparities and obstacles inherent in group taxation regimes. As a thorough survey of the extent to which the interpretation of tax treaties and EU law affect group taxation regimes, this book has no peers. All taxation professionals, whether working in EU Member States or in EU trading partners, will appreciate its invaluable insights and guidance.
International Taxation
Language: en
Pages: 297
Authors: Joseph Isenbergh
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005 - Publisher: Thomson West

International Taxation discusses international aspects of tax systems originating in national environments. It focuses on U.S. taxation as applied to economic activity with an international element. Divided into four sections: basic elements of international taxation, inbound U.S. taxation, outbound U.S. taxation, and income tax treaties.Summary of Contents" Part I: Basic Elements of International TaxationChapter1. U.S. Taxation in the International Setting2. Nationality and Residence for Taxation3. The Source of Income4. International Transfer Pricing" Part II: Inbound U.S. Taxation5. U.S. Taxation of Foreign Persons: Passive Income6. The Meaning of a U.S. "Trade or Business"7. "Effectively Connected" Income8. Gains from Sales of U.S. Real Property9. The Branch Profits Tax" Part III: Outbound U.S. Taxation10. Outbound Taxation in Overview11. The Foreign Tax Credit: Background and Overview12. The Foreign Tax Credit: Creditable Foreign Taxes13. The Credit Limitation of Section 90414. The Indirect Foreign Tax Credit15. Grand Overview of Dividends from Foreign Corporations16. Controlled Foreign Corporations: Subpart F17. Controlled Foreign Corporations: Section 124818. Passive Foreign Investment Companies (PFICs)19. International Corporate Reorganizations20. U.S. Citizens Abroad21. Income Tax Incentives for Exports" Part IV: Income Tax Treaties22. Income Tax Treaties in Overview23. Residence in Income Tax Treaties24. Business Profits - Permanent Establishments25. Compensation for Personal Services26. Interest, Dividends, Royalties, Rents, and Other Gains27. The Rise and Fall of Treaty Tax Shelters: Sandwiches, Conduits, and the Treasurys Response" Table of Cases" Index
International Tax Planning and Prevention of Abuse
Language: en
Pages: 1112
Authors: Luc De Broe
Categories: Double taxation
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher: IBFD

Books about International Tax Planning and Prevention of Abuse
A Global Analysis of Tax Treaty Disputes
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Eduardo Baistrocchi
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-08-17 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This two-volume set offers an in-depth analysis of the leading tax treaty disputes in the G20 and beyond within the first century of international tax law. Including country-by-country and thematic analyses, the study is structured around a novel global taxonomy of tax treaty disputes and includes an unprecedented dataset with over 1500 leading tax treaty cases. By adopting a contextual approach the local expertise of the contributors allows for a thorough and transparent analysis. This set is an important reference tool for anyone implementing or studying international tax regulations and will facilitate the work of courts, tax administrations and practitioners around the world. It is designed to complement model conventions such as the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital. Together with Resolving Transfer Pricing Disputes (2012), it is a comprehensive addition to current debate on the international tax law regime.
Access to Treaty Benefits
Language: de
Pages: 496
Authors: Desiree Auer, Christina Dimitropoulou
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-09-21 - Publisher: Linde Verlag GmbH

A rigorous analysis of various aspects related to treaty access Tax treaty access is an ongoing challenge for both taxpayers and tax authorities. This volume provides a rigorous analysis of various aspects related to treaty access. Schematically, the volume is divided into four parts. The first part deals with general interpretative issues and principles; the second and third parts cover a wide range of sub-aspects relating to the subjective and objective scope of tax treaties and the recent challenges posed to tax treaty access, while the fourth part focuses on the knotty issues of treaty shopping and abuse. The structure of the volume reflects the necessity to approach access to treaty benefits in a holistic way and view the recent trends through a wide lens. All chapters contain a complete examination of the relevant topics, starting from a historical perspective and continuing with tax treaty law principles and tax practice analysis. Where appropriate, a domestic law and domestic courts’ jurisprudence perspective was added as well as a comparative analysis of several jurisdictions thus complementing the examination of each topic. Finally, special attention is given to treaty abuse and the new GAAR introduced in the 2017 OECD Model together with its interrelation with other treaty and domestic anti-abuse provisions and the impact of these provisions on tax treaty access and tax policy in general.
Time and Tax: Issues in International, EU, and Constitutional Law
Language: en
Pages: 328
Authors: Werner Haslehner, Georg Kofler, Alexander Rust
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-20 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

Time is a crucial dimension in the application of any law. In tax law, however, where an environment characterized by rapid change on the national, European, and international levels complicates the provision of accurate legal advice, timing is particularly sensitive. This book is the first to analyse the relationship between time and three key areas of tax: treaties, EU law, and constitutional law issues, such as legal certainty and individual rights. Among the numerous timing issues arising out of applying tax rules, the book addresses the following: – time limits within which relief must be requested; – statutes of limitation for claiming a tax refund; – transitional issues relating to changes in tax treaties; – attribution of profits and expenses to a moving or closed-down business; – effect of tax-related CJEU decisions and EU directives; – compliance of exit tax regimes with free movement; – limits of retroactivity under principles protected by the EU Charter and the ECHR; and – conflict between efficiency of taxation and individual rights. Derived from a recent conference organized by the prestigious ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation at the University of Luxembourg, the book brings together contributions from leading tax experts from various areas of tax practice, academia, and the judiciary. Among other issues, the book notably expands on how economic theory can inform a constitutional analysis of the timing of taxation. There is no other work that concentrates so usefully on the difficulties associated with applying tax rules – whether arising from treaties, jurisprudence, or policy – to changing circumstances over time. This book will quickly prove itself to be an indispensable resource for European tax lawyers, policymakers, company counsels, and academics.
Double Non-taxation and the Use of Hybrid Entities
Language: en
Pages: 490
Authors: Leopoldo Parada
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-18 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

The topics of double non-taxation and hybrid entities have acquired a particular importance in a context where transformations within the tax world seem to be leading to an international commitment most materially manifested in the OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project. In what is the first systematic in-depth critique of the BEPS Action Plan 2 with regard to hybrid entities, this timely book provides a critical review of the OECD’s approach and proposes a deeply informed alternative method based on the tax policy aims of simplicity, coherence and ease of administration. The author analyses the interaction between the double non-taxation outcome and the use of hybrid entities in an approach not strictly linked to any specific tax jurisdiction. To this end, the analysis includes case studies and examples from a range of jurisdictions emphasizing the international tax context, including the application of tax treaties. Among the seminal matters covered are the following: – foundations of the concepts of double non-taxation and hybrid entities, absent of the specific limitations of domestic tax legislation; – extensive analysis based on the rules of characterization of foreign entities for tax purposes in the United States, Spain, Denmark and Germany, as well as on the Poland/United States and Canada/United States tax treaties; – detailed analysis on the implications of Article 1(2) OECD Model Tax Convention and Article 3(1) Multilateral Instrument, especially having in mind the position of developing (source) countries; and – EU tax law as part of the international context, including an extensive analysis on the EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive (ATAD) I and ATAD II. Detailed comparisons between the author’s proposal and other existing rules elucidate common points and deviations. If merely for its unparalleled clarification of the issues, this book will prove of immeasurable value to practitioners, tax authorities, policymakers and academics concerned with international tax law. Beyond that, as an authoritative guide that promises to reorient the discussion to what really matters in the debate regarding double non-taxation and hybrid entities, this analysis elaborates solutions applicable to a generality of cases worldwide, and thus hugely promotes the urgent quest for alternative solutions.
Credit Method Compatibility and Constraints under EU Law
Language: en
Pages: 568
Authors: Rita Julien
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2022-01-13 - Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

As European Union (EU) Member States seek to counteract base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) practices while avoiding new obstacles to the EU’s internal market such as double taxation, the credit method, also known as the foreign tax credit, is one of the essential tools in this balancing act, yet it is one that has given rise to various EU law challenges and questions. This invaluable book – the first in-depth study of the EU law constraints on designing the credit method – delineates the EU law boundaries within which the Member States must operate when they implement this method of tax relief. For the first time, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) cases that may affect, directly or indirectly, the credit method and its main components are systematically identified and analysed in order to extract the legal findings and principles that define the contours within which the Member States can manoeuvre when considering EU-compatible approaches to the credit method. To this end, among others, this book offers: an extensive study of the historical legal developments of the credit method; an overview of the key design features of the credit method, considering the optional, variable components, such as the credit limitation (maximum creditable amount), that tailor it to different legal and policy considerations; an analysis of the legal constraints on the key features of the credit method flowing from CJEU case law on the fundamental freedoms, considering the impact of landmark cases and concepts (e.g., Schumacker, neutralization); the EU law implications based on the type of credit method (direct, indirect, imputation) and the feature of the credit method (e.g., credit limitation, credit carryforward); and examples to clearly and concisely illustrate the basic operation of the credit method and some of the main calculation and EU law issues. The author’s doctoral dissertation, on which the book is based, was awarded the Wolfgang Gassner Science Prize 2020 and the European Doctoral Tax Thesis Award 2020. As a timely, comprehensive and practical study of the relationship between the credit method and EU law, this book will be welcomed by lawyers and other professionals working with taxation matters, as well as by tax policymakers and academics in the fields of international and European tax law.
Access to Treaty Benefits
Language: en
Pages: 496
Authors: Desiree Auer, Christina Dimitropoulou
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-09-21 - Publisher: Linde Verlag GmbH

A rigorous analysis of various aspects related to treaty access Tax treaty access is an ongoing challenge for both taxpayers and tax authorities. This volume provides a rigorous analysis of various aspects related to treaty access. Schematically, the volume is divided into four parts. The first part deals with general interpretative issues and principles; the second and third parts cover a wide range of sub-aspects relating to the subjective and objective scope of tax treaties and the recent challenges posed to tax treaty access, while the fourth part focuses on the knotty issues of treaty shopping and abuse. The structure of the volume reflects the necessity to approach access to treaty benefits in a holistic way and view the recent trends through a wide lens. All chapters contain a complete examination of the relevant topics, starting from a historical perspective and continuing with tax treaty law principles and tax practice analysis. Where appropriate, a domestic law and domestic courts’ jurisprudence perspective was added as well as a comparative analysis of several jurisdictions thus complementing the examination of each topic. Finally, special attention is given to treaty abuse and the new GAAR introduced in the 2017 OECD Model together with its interrelation with other treaty and domestic anti-abuse provisions and the impact of these provisions on tax treaty access and tax policy in general.