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Synopsis : Hail Damage Variation by Seed Source in a Ponderosa Pine Plantation written by Ralph A. Read, published by which was released on 1981. Download Hail Damage Variation by Seed Source in a Ponderosa Pine Plantation Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Hail , driven by extreme winds , pelted the trees from a near horizontal trajectory . Damage to the trees was severe , and included loss of needles , bark , and cambium from the northwest side of the trees , the direction from which the ... --
Available information on the hail phenomenon affecting aircraft in flight has been examined. This paper attempts to coordinate the present knowledge of hail with the effect of hail on aircraft in flight and includes (1) a digest of the literature on the physical properties, the occurrence, and the formation of hai; (2) a survey of the hail effect on aircraft in flight from analyses of 57 cases of airplanes damaged by hail; (3) a resume of hail information for the benefit of pilots, forecasters, and ground operational personnel; (4) an annotated bibliography of 552 articles for use of research personnel.
Type: BOOK - Published: 1981 - Publisher: International Potato Center
Disease in the absence of infectious pathogens. Genetic abnormalities. Adverse environment. Nutrient imbalance. Disease in the presence of infectious pathogens. Fungi. Viruses. Mycoplasmas. Insect toxins. Nematodes. Aphids. Seed potato certification.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-26 - Publisher: Wiley
Gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer Increasing agricultural production and food security remain key challenges for mankind. In order to meet global food demand, the Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates that production has to increase by 50% by 2050 and requires large investments. Agricultural insurance and financial instruments have been an integral part to advancing productivity and are becoming more important in increasingly globalized and specialized agricultural supply chains in the wake of potentially more frequent and severe natural disasters in today’s key producing markets. Underwriting, pricing and transferring agricultural risks is complex and requires a solid understanding of the production system, exposure, perils and the most suitable products, which vastly differ among developed and developing markets. In the last decade, new insurance schemes in emerging agricultural markets have greatly contributed to the large growth of the industry from a premium volume of US$10.1 billion (2006) to US$30.7 billion (2017). This growth is bound to continue as insurance penetration and exposure increase and new schemes are being developed. Agricultural (re)insurance has become a cornerstone of sovereign disaster risk financing frameworks. Agricultural Risk Transfer introduces the main concepts of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer that are discussed through industry case studies. It also discusses best industry practices for all main insurance products for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry risks including risk assessment, underwriting, pricing, modelling and loss adjustment. Describes agricultural production risks and risk management approaches Covers risk transfer of production and financial risks through insurance and financial instruments Introduces modelling concepts for the main perils and key data sources that support risk transfer through indemnity- and index-based products Describes risk pricing and underwriting approaches for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry exposure in developed and developing agricultural systems Become familiar with risk transfer concepts to reinsurance and capital markets Get to know the current market landscape and main risk transfer products for individual producers, agribusinesses and governments through theory and comprehensive industry case studies Through Agricultural Risk Transfer, you’ll gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market solutions which will support better underwriting, more structured product development and improved risk transfer.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-12-19 - Publisher: CRC Press
A comprehensive resource that builds a bridge between engineering disciplines and the building sciences and trades, Forensic Engineering: Damage Assessments for Residential and Commercial Structures provides an extensive look into the world of forensic engineering. With a focus on investigations associated with insurance industry claims, the book describes methodologies for performing insurance-related investigations including the causation and origin of damage to residential and commercial structures and/or unhealthy interior environments and adverse effects on the occupants of these structures. Edited by an industry expert with more than 30 years of experience, and authors with more than 100 years of experience in the field, the book takes the technical aspects of engineering and scientific principles and applies them to real-world issues in a non-technical manner. It provides readers with the experiences, investigation methodologies, and investigation protocols used in, and derived from completing thousands of forensic engineering investigations. It begins with providing a baseline methodology for completing forensic investigations and closes with advice on testifying as an expert witness. Much of what must be known in this field is not learned in school, but is based upon experience since recognizing the cause of a building system failure requires a blending of skills from the white collar and blue collar worlds. Such knowledge can be vital since failures (e.g., water entry) often result from construction activities completed out of sequence.. This book details proven methodologies based on over 7,000 field investigations, methodologies which can be followed by both professionals and laymen alike.